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Our data sets were provided and cleaned by Public Campaign. For the purposes of this report, Public Campaign used federal campaign contribution data made public by the Federal Election Commission (FEC) and then refined and augmented by the Center for Responsive Politics (CRP). 
Research
Adam Lioz
Blair Bowie
Connecticut has offered a voluntary public financing system for state-wide constitutional and General Assembly offices since 2008. Through financing from the Citizens' Election Fund, candidates that obtain the required number of small donations can receive a lump sum to fund their campaign. The
Research
J. Mijin Cha
Miles Rapoport
This memo outlines how the Justices lined up on the issues in Randall v. Sorrell, provides some analysis of the opinions, and touches on the implications for future reform efforts.
Policy Briefs
Brenda Wright
Testimony of Demos' Democracy Program Legal Director on restoring contribution limits in Vermont, delivered before the Vermont House Government Operations Committee on February 5, 2008.
Testimony and Public Comment
Brenda Wright
Thank you for this opportunity to submit testimony regarding the damage that Citizens United and the rise of Super PACs has done to our system of democratic government.  In the text below I will discuss why rules that govern the role of money in politics are important to our democracy; the impact of
Testimony and Public Comment
Adam Lioz
Super PACs have fast become a favored tool for wealthy individuals and interests to drown out the voices of average citizens. 
Research
Adam Lioz
Blair Bowie
Americans of all political backgrounds agree: there is way too much corporate money in politics. 
Policy Briefs
Liz Kennedy
Outside spending organizations reported $1.11 billion in spending to the FEC through the final reporting deadline in the 2012 cycle. That’s already a 200% increase over total 2008 outside spending.
Policy Briefs
Adam Lioz
Blair Bowie
In 2012, just 61 large donors to Super PACs giving an average of $4.7 million each matched the $285.2 million in grassroots contributions from more than 1,425,500 small donors to the major party presidential candidates.
Policy Briefs
Adam Lioz
Blair Bowie
The extent of the money in politics problem, how we got here (from a legal perspective), and what we can do to create a democracy in which the strength of a citizen’s voice does not depend on the size of her wallet. 
Research
Adam Lioz
Liz Kennedy