Although photo ID and proof of citizenship proposals are offered as necessary to prevent fraud in elections, we know, based on experience and data from other states, that the facts do not warrant these extreme measures, and that all available evidence suggests that voter fraud of the kind that could be prevented by these new requirements is exceedingly rare.  Even more importantly, and more disturbingly, these laws would have the effect of preventing many eligible voters from meeting the most fundamental responsibility of citizenship — exercising the right to vote.  This will disproportionately affect people who can’t afford the necessary documents, and people who don’t have drivers’ licenses, such as urban residents, communities of color, senior citizens, and disabled citizens.

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