Finds Widespread Violations of Rights of Low-Income Persons under The National Voter Registration Act
Kansas City, MO — United States District Judge Nanette K. Laughrey issued an order yesterday, July 15, 2008, directing the Missouri Department of Social Services immediately to comply with a federal law requiring agencies to provide voter registration applications and assistance to their clients. The ruling came in a lawsuit filed in April 2008 by the Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now (ACORN) and St. Louis resident Dionne O'Neal charging widespread violations of the federal National Voter Registration Act (NVRA). The NVRA is a federal law enacted in 1993 to ensure all Americans have access to voter registration services.
The ruling yesterday followed written submissions and a one-day preliminary injunction hearing on July 9, 2008, at which lawyers from Demos: A Network for Ideas & Action, Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, the law firm of Dewey & LeBoeuf LLP and Project Vote, presented evidence that, over the past several years, the Missouri Department of Social Services (DSS) violated the NVRA by failing to provide Ms. O'Neal and tens of thousands of other low-income Missourians with the opportunity to register to vote or change their voter registration address during visits to the offices of DSS agencies. The "substantial evidence" of voting rights violations cited by the Court in its ruling included:
The Court's order directs DSS within five business days to send notice to all relevant employees that compliance with the NVRA is "mandatory" and states that "failure to comply with this order will subject the Department of Social Services to citation for contempt of court." It also requires DSS to establish monitoring and reporting procedures to ensure compliance, and to provide voter registration opportunities to anyone it finds has not been offered the required services.
"The Court's ruling today vindicates the rights of thousands of low-income Missourians to register and have their voices heard in this critical election year. We are gratified that the Court acted so quickly in response to our evidence," said Brenda Wright, legal director of the Democracy Program at Demos and one of the counsel representing plaintiffs at the hearing.
"The Court's ruling sends a powerful message to Missouri and other states across the country that they need to offer voter registration at public assistance agencies. With full national compliance, tens of millions of economically disadvantaged citizens will be able to register to vote or update their address information for voting when they apply for or renew their benefits," stated Jon Greenbaum, who led the Lawyers' Committee's effort as director of its Voting Rights Project.
The NVRA is commonly known as the "Motor Voter" law, due to its requirement that states provide voter registration opportunities at motor vehicle departments. The NVRA also requires that voter registration be offered at public assistance agencies when citizens apply for benefits, recertify their eligibility and change their address.
Low-income citizens are among the least likely to own a car and therefore are less likely to register to vote at motor vehicle departments, making the public assistance agency requirement crucial in reaching these citizens. Only 66 percent of adult Missouri citizens in households making less than $25,000 a year were registered to vote in 2006 compared to 85 percent of those in households making $100,000 or more.
"ACORN is proud to be part of this victory," said Jeff Ordower, Missouri ACORN head organizer. "This order could lead to more than a hundred thousand new voters from low income communities that have historically been under-represented in the political process."
"Everyone should be treated equally," said Dionne O'Neal following Judge Laughrey's decision.
A report earlier this year by Demos and Project Vote found that many states throughout the country have seen a substantial decline in registrations at public assistance agencies since the NVRA first went into effect in 1995. Both organizations, together with the Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, have launched efforts in numerous states to improve compliance with the NVRA. Several, such as North Carolina, Virginia, and Colorado, have agreed to compliance efforts without the filing of a lawsuit. The lawsuit in Missouri was filed only after a notice letter sent to DSS Director Deborah Scott in August 2007 failed to produce progress in compliance.
"I hope that Missouri and the other states that are not in compliance will reach out and take advantage of the expertise our organizations have in implementing successful voter registration procedures in public assistance agencies," said Brian Mellor, senior counsel for Project Vote.
"Our firm was privileged to partner with organizations committed to protect the right to vote and prevent disenfranchisement of citizens in obtaining this favorable decision," said John Nonna, attorney at Dewey & LeBoeuf.
The plaintiffs are represented by the national public policy center Demos, the Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, Project Vote, Dewey & LeBoeuf LLP and Kansas City attorney Arthur A. Benson II.