NEW YORK – On the eve of the release of new GDP numbers, Demos is publishing a new report challenging the dominance of GDP in the nation’s economic and policy debates. Beyond GDP: New Measures for A New Economy illuminates the limits of a measurement that shows economic growth, as the 2011 numbers will likely indicate, against the backdrop of an ongoing national economic crisis.
“For decades, GDP has enjoyed supreme status as the predominant benchmark of our economic and social progress,” said Lew Daly
, report co-author and Director of Demos’ Sustainable Progress Initiative. “In reality, GDP obscures or ignores essential aspects of Americans’ economic and social welfare, as well as important social and environmental dimensions of our national welfare and future well-being. When we hold GDP against other indicators, it’s clear that our policy priorities have been wrong for thirty years. But a pervasive narrative linking GDP and market growth to social progress has shielded our politics from any real accountability for the lack of progress most Americans rightly feel in their everyday lives.”
Demos also released a set of infographics, Does Growth Equal Progress? The Myth Of GDP (available for use, with attribution), that chart important social measures against GDP growth. The infographics show that GDP growth has not delivered real progress for average Americans, supporting the case for why GDP is an incomplete measure and needs to be supplemented by alternative measures that are much better suited to the economic challenges we face today.
--GDP does not distinguish between spending on bad things and spending on good things. By this measurement, the BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico “positively” contributed to the economy just like the many good and services that people actually want or need.
--GDP doesn’t account for the distribution of growth. Our total national income has doubled over thirty years, and so has the share of national income going to the wealthiest households, but average households have seen little or no income gains. GDP doesn’t care if growth is captured by a few or widely shared.
--GDP doesn’t account for depletion of natural capital and ecosystem services. If all the fish in the sea are caught and sold next year, global GDP would see a big boost while the fishing industry itself would completely collapse.
--GDP doesn’t reflect things that have no market price but are good for our society, like volunteer work, parenting in the home, and public investments in education and research.
Beyond GDP was co-authored by Lew Daly, Director of the Sustainable Progress Initiative and a Senior Fellow at Demos, and by Stephen Posner, a sustainability Fellow at the University of Vermont, where he conducts research on indicators and ecosystem services with the Gund Institute for Ecological Economics.
and Mijin Cha
, Senior Policy Analyst for Demos’ Sustainable Progress Initiative, are available for comment on the report. Please see the contact information above. Infographics are available for use, with attribution.