NEW YORK — Demos applauds the work of Senator Elizabeth Warren (D-MA) who today introduced The Equal Employment for All Act, legislation that would prohibit the widespread use of personal credit history in employment. The use of employment credit checks is an unjust practice that poses a serious barrier to economic security for many Americans and leads to discriminatory hiring practices against people of color and the long-term unemployed.
Demos' briefing paper on The Equal Employment for All Act
Demos, a national public policy organization, has conducted extensive research on the use of employment credit checks and found that poor credit is associated with household unemployment, lack of health coverage, and medical debt—factors that reflect individual bad luck and the protracted economic recovery, not an applicant’s likely job performance or financial responsibility.
Nearly half of businesses surveyed report using credit checks in hiring decisions, and it is not limited to high-level managers or those with fiduciary responsibility—many employers require credit checks for low-wage jobs and positions including retail, maintenance, delivery driving and tech support. The practice continues because it financially benefits the companies that market and sell this information to employers, with little concern for the negative impact to the economic security of those with most at stake—low and middle-income Americans struggling to find work in a tough job market.
“It makes no sense to make it harder for people to get jobs because of a system of credit reporting that has no correlation with job performance and that can be riddled with inaccuracies,” Senator Warren said. “Families have not fully recovered from the 2008 financial crisis, and too many Americans are still searching for jobs. This is about basic fairness—let people compete on the merits, not on whether they already have enough money to pay all their bills.”
“These employment credit checks are compounding historic injustices and recent weak regulatory oversight, ensuring that similarly-qualified job seekers cannot compete on an even playing field,” said Nancy Zirkin, executive vice president of The Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights. “Discriminatory credit checks are bad for employers, they’re bad for job seekers, and they’re bad for our economy. In order to have an inclusive recovery where all Americans have a chance to take part, Congress must pass the Equal Employment for All Act.”
“Job seekers who are already disadvantaged by racial discrimination, disability status, lack of health coverage, unemployment and other economic challenges are particularly affected by this practice,” said Demos Senior Policy Analyst Amy Traub. “Senator Warren’s Equal Employment for All Act would eliminate this unfair barrier and increase job opportunities for qualified applicants.”
Demos is a public policy organization working for an America where we all have an equal say in our democracy and an equal chance in our economy. Research and advocacy around employment credit checks is part of Demos’ on-going work to create pathways to a strong and diverse middle class.