Jobs Yes, Benefits No

Jobs Yes, Benefits No

Pressures also come directly from employers. Over the past several decades, firms have developed a tool kit of strategies aimed at lowering compensation and benefits. Outsourcing is just one tactic. Another is keeping employees at less than full-time status to avoid paying benefits. Aggressive union avoidance is yet another. Instead of investing in training frontline employees and creating career paths, many companies rely on a high-turnover employment model. Finally, research finds that employers often fail to comply with a host of labor laws that set standards in the workplace, ignoring rules that guarantee a minimum wage and overtime pay, as well as misclassifying workers and, in the most egregious cases, cheating workers out of pay by forcing them to work off the clock or not paying them at all (a practice known as “wage theft.”)